1. For starters, there’s the 12th president: Zachary Taylor. The former general was elected in 1848, but he only served 16 months in office before dying at the age of 65. He was the last member of the Whig Party elected as president and he fought in the War of 1812.
2. And then there is the 12th Amendment to the Constitution. Passed in 1804, the 12th Amendment was a result of the infamous presidential election and House runoff vote of 1800.
Somehow, presidential candidate Thomas Jefferson and his running mate, Aaron Burr, tied in the election. That caused constitutional chaos in the House, as Alexander Hamilton stepped in to support his bitter enemy, Jefferson, over Burr. The 12th Amendment eliminated that problem in June 1804.
3. Next, how about the 12th justice appointed to the U.S. Supreme Court? It’s Alfred Moore of North Carolina. Moore was appointed in 1800 and quit in 1804. In that time, Moore did little due to health issues. He was also the shortest Supreme Court justice, standing 4 feet 5 inches tall.
4. The 12th state to join the United States was North Carolina. It joined the Union on November 21, 1789. In the Civil War, it was one of the last of the Confederate states to secede from the Union. Two presidents were born in North Carolina: James K. Polk and Andrew Johnson. But neither man resided there just before they took office.
5. Going backwards to the Colonial era, the year 1712 saw two significant events that would have ramifications after the United States formed its own country. In that year, the colony of Pennsylvania banned the importation of slaves, and the colonies of North Carolina and South Carolina were created.
6. A century later, the year 1812 got its own war, as the United States clashed with the British and their allies. The fight stretched into early 1815, as the sides reached a stalemate. The ensuing “Era of Good Feelings” under President James Monroe was an experiment in nonpartisan government that ended in 1824.